Conservation subdivisions take a different approach to open space
A conventional subdivision offers little open space; the emphasis is on larger lots. In a conservation subdivision the opposite is done — the lots are made smaller and the houses are clustered together, this results in a large open space for joint use.
In a conservation subdivision the open space can be preserved whether it is farmland or natural habitat. The open space is now owned in common by the residents.
Usually 40% or more of the land in conservation subdivisions is designated as open space. Ideally, communities prefer this open space connected to other open spaces for maximum outdoor recreation or farming.
The result of a conventional subdivision is less housing, less development and less pollution impact. In addition, less money and resources are devoted to streets, common wells and septic systems.
How are they created? Developers or communities identify resources to be protected on a property. Houses are planned on the site in an attractive way with views, and with locations fronting meadows, woods, streams or lakes. Streets, trails and common facilities are designed. The old lot lines which divided the property into separate 5 acre parcels are now gone as the property is now shared. A conservation easement is created; it is a legal entity that states the open space will be protected into the future and will be binding on all future owners.
Vist these Madison and Middleton Green Subdivisions:
In Wisconsin, conservation subdivisions are increasing in number.